In the daytime prisons of the public fooling system, where children are indoctrinated with answers to questions they are discouraged from asking themselves, it is commonly accepted without diligent investigation that the land which has become known as “England” was populated by barbarous pagan savages, prior to its conquest by Roman, Anglo-Saxon and Norman invaders. Indeed, it is often claimed by teachers of history that there are almost no records of the people of these lands before the time of the so-called “Kings of England”, which purportedly began in the 8th century according to historians of the “English” establishment, who also claim that the first chronicle of the history of these islands was commissioned around the year 890 upon the order of King Alfred the Great, the supposed English law-maker. Nothing could be further from the truth, as the following sources amply demonstrate.
Etymology of “English”
“people of England; the speech of England,” Old English Englisc (contrasted to Denisc, Frencisce, etc.), from Engle (plural) “the Angles,” the name of one of the Germanic groups that overran the island 5c., supposedly so-called because Angul, the land they inhabited on the Jutland coast, was shaped like a fish hook (see angle (n.)).
The term was used from earliest times without distinction for all the Germanic invaders — Angles, Saxon, Jutes (Bede’s gens Anglorum) — and applied to their group of related languages by Alfred the Great. After 1066, of the population of England (as distinguished from Normans and French), a distinction which lasted only about a generation.
Etymology of “Albion”
ancient name of England, Old English, from Latin, sometimes said to be from the non-Indo-European base alb “mountain,“ which also is suggested as the source of Latin Alpes “Alps,” Albania, and Alba, an Irish name for “Scotland.” But more likely from Latin albus “white” (see alb), which would be an apt description of the chalk cliffs of the island’s southern coast.
Etymology of “Britain”
c.1300, Breteyne, from Old French Bretaigne, from Latin Britannia, earlier Brittania, from Brittani “the Britons” (see Briton). The Old English place-name Brytenlond meant “Wales.” If there was a Celtic name for the island, it has not been recorded.
Alleged Kings of England 757 – 1087
757-796 Offa House of Mercia
802-839 Egbert House of Wessex
839-856 Aethelwulf House of Wessex
856-860 Aethelbald House of Wessex
860-866 Aethelbert House of Wessex
866-871 Aethelred I House of Wessex
871-899 Alfred the Great House of Wessex
899-925 Edward the Elder House of Wessex
925-940 Athelstan House of Wessex
940-946 Edmund House of Wessex
946-955 Edred House of Wessex
955-959 Edwy House of Wessex
959-975 Edgar House of Wessex
975-978 Edward the Martyr House of Wessex
978-1016 Ethelred the Unready House of Wessex
1016 Edmund lronside House of Wessex
1016-1035 Cnut (Canute) House of Denmark
1035-1040 Harold I Harefoot House of Denmark
1040-1042 Harthacanut House of Denmark
1042-1066 Edward the Confessor House of Wessex
1066 Harold II House of Wessex
1066-1087 William I House of Norman
Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum, Venerable Bede 672/673 – 735
“BRITAIN, an island in the ocean, formerly called Albion, is situated between the north and west, facing, though at a considerable distance, the coasts of Germany, France,and Spain, which form the greatest part of Europe… This island at present, following the number of the books in which the Divine law was written, contains five nations, the English, Britons, Scots, Picts, and Latins, each in its own peculiar dialect cultivating the sublime study of Divine truth. The Latin tongue is, by the study of the Scriptures, become common to all the rest. At first this island had no other inhabitants but the Britons, from whom it derived its name, and who, coming over into Britain, as is reported, from Armorica, possessed themselves of the southern parts thereof.”
Historia Brittonum by Nennius c.830, Translated by J. A. Giles
“The island of Britain derives its name from Brutus, a Roman consul… Its inhabitants consist of four different people; the Scots, the Picts, the Saxons and the ancient Britons… It is fertilized by several rivers, which traverse it in all directions, to the east and west, to the south and north; but there are two pre-eminently distinguished among the rest, the Thames and the Severn, which formerly, like the two arms of Britain, bore the ships employed in the conveyance of riches acquired by commerce. The Britons were once very populous, and exercised extensive dominion from sea to sea.”
The Irish version of Historia Britonum
“I have taken pains to write certain fragments, and I am Nenamnis a disciple of Eludach, because the folly and ignorance of the nation of Britannia have given to oblivion the history and origin of its first people, so that they are not commemorated in writings nor in books. But I have brought together the histories that I found in the Annals of the Romans, out of the chronicles of the learned saints, viz.: Isidore, and Jerome, and Eusebius, in the Annals of the Saxons and Gaels, and what I discovered from the tradition of our own old men…Numerous are its caers or cities besides these; innumerable its raths or forts and its fortified castles. Four races inhabit the island of Britain, viz.: the Gaels, the Cruithnachs Picts, the Britons, and the Saxons… The Britons at first filled the whole island with their children, from the sea of Icht to the sea of Orck, both with glory and excellency.”
Brut Tysillo – “Ystorya Brenhined y Brytanyeit”
“Bryttaen, the best of the islands, which used to be called Albion [the white island], situated as it is in the western ocean between Ffraink and Iwerddon, [extends] eight hundred miles in its length and two hundred in its width, and whatsoever men must needs use it supplies them in unfailing plenty. And with this it is full of numerous wide-spreading plains and noble hills, and havens to which from overseas come foreign products in great variety. And there are also in it forests and thickets full of various kinds of animals and wild beasts, and many swarms of bees gathering honey among the flowers. There are with this fair pastures at the foot of wind-swept mountains, and bright, clear springs, and further, there are lakes and rivers full of various varieties of fish… And so it is peopled by five nations, the Bryttaniait, the Normaniaid, the Ssaesson, the Ffichtiait, and the Yssgottiaid. And of all these the ryttaniaid were the first to settle it, from morrrydd [the Channel] as far as the sea of Iwerddon, until the vengeance of God came upon them for their sins…”
TRIADS OF THE ISLE OF PRYDAIN
1. There were Three Names Given to the Isle of Prydein. Before it was inhabited it was called the sea-girt green land. Later it was called the Honey Island. The people formed a tribe called the Cymry on the Isle of Prydein after Prydein ap Aedd the Great. And no one has any right to it but the tribe of the Cymry for they first took possession, and before this time there were no persons living on it; but it was full of bears, wolves, crocodiles and bison.
2. There were Three Primary Divisions of the Isle of Prydein: Cymmru, Lloegria and Alban. The rank of sovereignty belongs to each of the three under a monarchy and voice of the country. They are governed according to the regulations of Prydein and to the nation of the Cymry belongs the right of establishing the monarchy by the voice of the country and the people, according to rank and primeval right under the protection of such regulation. Royalty ought to exist in every country in the Isle of Prydein and every royalty ought to be under the protection of the voice of the country. Therefore, it is said “the country is more powerful than a lord.”
3. There are Three Pillars of the Social State in the Isle of Prydein. They are the voice of the country, royalty, and judicature, according to the regulation of Prydein.
4. There are Three Pillars of the Nation of the Isle of Prydein. The first was HU the Mighty, who brought the nation of the Cymry first to the Isle of Prydein; and they came from the Summer Country, which is also called Defrobani, the Summerland or Atlantia; and they came over the hazy sea to the Isle of Prydein where they settled. The second was Prydein, who first organized a social state of sovereignty in the land of Prydein; for before that time there was no justice but what was done by favour; nor any law, except that of superior force. Thethird was Dyvnwal Moelmud, for he first made arrangements respecting the laws, maxims, customs, and privileges of the country and tribe. And by these reasons, they were called the three pillars of the nation of the Cymry.
5. There were three social tribes on the Isle of Prydein. The first was the tribe of Cymry, who came to the Isle of Prydein with HU the Mighty,because he would not possess a country and lands by fighting and pursuit, but by justice and tranquility. The second was a tribe of Lloegrians, who came from Gascony, and they were descended from the tribe of the Cymry. The third were the Brythons, who came from Armorica, and who were descended from the tribe of the Cymry. These were called the three peaceful tribes because they came by mutual consent and tranquility; and these tribes were descended from the primitive tribe of the Cymry, and all three tribes had the same speech.
6. There were three refuge seeking tribes that came to the Island of Prydein and they came under the peace and permission of the tribe of the Cymry, without arms and without opposition. The first was a tribe of Caledonians in the north. The second was the Irish tribe, who dwelled in the highlands of Scotland. The third were the people of Galedin, who came in naked vessels to the Island of Wight, when their country was drowned, where they had land granted them by the tribe of Cymry. They had no privilege of claim in the Island of Prydein, but they had land and protection assigned to them under certain limitations; and it was stipulated that they should not possess the rank of native Cymry until the ninth of their lineal descendants.
7. There were three invading tribes that came to the Island of Prydein and who never departed from it. The first were the Coranians, who came from the country of Pwyl. The second were the Irish Picts, who came to Alban by the North Sea. The third were the Saxons. The Coranians were settled about the River Humber, and the shore of the German Ocean. The Irish Picts are in Alban about the shore of the Sea of Denmark. The Coranians and the Saxons united, and by violence and conquest brought the Loegrians into confederacy with them; and subsequently took the crown of the monarchy from the tribe of the Cymry. There remained none of the Loegrians that did not become Saxons, except those that are found in Cornwall, and the Commot of Carnoban in Deria and Bernicia in this period. In this manner the benevolent tribe of the Cymry, who preserved both their country and their language, lost the sovereignty of the Island of Prydein on account of the treachery of the refuge-seeking tribes, and the pillage of the three invading tribes.
HISTORY of BRITAIN – FROM THE FLOOD TO A.D. 700
Compiled from the various ancient records
BY RICHARD WILLIAMS MORGAN
“The notion so sedulously inculcated, first by Pagan, then by Papal Rome, that all nations except the two occupying the little Peninsulas of Greece and Italy were barbarians, may be now classed amongst the obsolete impositions on medieval credulity… It must at the same time be conceded, that the Roman polity did not commence with the first Latin authors, whose date is barely a century before Julius Cesar, and that the refinement of the pre-historic age, which could produce an Iliad, was something very wide indeed from a myth.
The Trojan descent of the Britons has been assigned the place to which it is substantially entitled in this history. It solves the numerous and very peculiar agreements in the social and military systems of pre-historic Britain and Asia which would otherwise remain inexplicable. It has always been consistently maintained by native authorities, and by extending the circle of researches, it is found – to receive ample and unexpected confirmations from the earliest documents of Italy, Gaul, Bretagne, Spain, and even Iceland.
On equally solid grounds of evidence, the social state of Britain has been described as from its first settlement by Hu the Mighty, that of a civilized and polished community. Had no other monument of Kymric antiquity but the Code of British Laws of Molmutius (B.C. 600), which still forms the basis of our common or unwritten law, descended to us, we could not doubt that we were handling the index of civilization of a very high order.
In such a code we possess not only the most splendid relic of pre-Roman Europe, but the key to all our British, as contra-distinguished from – Continental institutions. After perusing it, we stand amazed at the blindness which wanders groping for the origin of British rights and liberties in the swamps of the motherland of feudal serfdom-Germany.”
Brut Tysillo – “Ystorya Brenhined y Brytanyeit”
“And the kingdom was rent into five parts, each part under its own king, which kings continually fought one another. And after many years there arose a famous youth named Dunvallo Molmutius.148 He was the son of Cloten,149 a petty king of Cornwall, and his beauty and courage outshone that of all the kings of Britain…And he restored the land to its ancient dignity, and compiled laws which are known [to this day] as the laws of Dunvallo Molmutius, which even the Saxons obey. And he granted right [of sanctuary] to temples and to cities, and even to certain roads defined by law, so that any man who fled to them, whatever wrong he had done, should find sanctuary there unimpeded and without licence from his foes.”
Neglected British History By Flinders Petrie
“The condition of pagan Britain is remarkably preserved in the laws of Dyvnwal Moelmud. That these laws are certainly long before the tenth century is proved by the gulf that exists between the state of society shown by them and that of the laws of Howel fixed to A.D. 914…. the laws of Howel refer back to Moelmud. What takes the laws of Moelmud at least to Roman times is that they are purely Pagan…How much farther back these laws may date, towards the traditional time of Moelmud, the fourth or seventh century BC we cannot now inquire.
The whole air is that of simple conditions and a free life, with much personal cultivation and sympathy in general Conduct. It would be impossible to produce such a code from a savage or violent people, and this intimate view of their life is the best ground for judging of their qualities.”
The Stuart’s historian, Percy Enderbie, says in his history published in 1661 that Molmutius “took upon himself the Government of Britanny [i.e. Britain] in the year of the worlds creation 4748”. Meanwhile the Tudor historian Holinshed reported in the 1587 edition of his Chronicles that Molmutius “began his reigne over the whole monarchie of Britaine, in the yéere of the world 3529 [439 BC]”. Both authors agree with Tysilio on the reign’s duration, of 40 years. Given that the foundation of Rome was in 753 BC, Molumutius’s reign was 439-399 BC. This is right for Molmutius’s son Brennus to be the enemy commander at the Sack of Rome in 390 BC and to be named as such by the Roman historian Livy.
Source: The National CV
The Ancient Laws of Cambria – William Probart c.1823
“These triads are remarkably curious and interesting. They throw great light upon the manners and customs of the old Britons, and, in many cases, breathe a spirit of freedom that would not disgrace the polish of the nineteenth century…These triads also merit attention on account of their antiquity. They were framed by Dyvnwal Moelmud, who flourished about 400 years before the Christian æra, and consequently are upwards of two thousand years old.”
The Molmutine Laws
There are three tests of Civil Liberty,—equality of rights—equality of taxation—freedom to come and go.
There are three causes which ruin a State,—inordinate privileges—corruption of justice—national apathy.
There are three things which cannot be considered solid longer than their foundations are solid,—peace, property, and law.
Three things are indispensable to a true union of Nations, —sameness of laws, rights, and language.
There are three things free to all Britons,—the forest, the unworked mine, the right of hunting wild creatures.
There are three things which are private and sacred property in every man, Briton or foreigner,—his wife, his children, his domestic chattels.
There are three things belonging to a man which no law of men can touch, fine, or transfer,—his wife, his children, and the instruments of his calling; for no law can unman a man, or uncall a calling.
There are three persons in a family exempted from all manual or menial work—the little child, the old man or woman, and the family instructor.
There are three orders against whom no weapon can be bared—the herald, the bard, the head of a clan.
There are three of private rank, against whom no weapon can be bared,—a woman, a child under fifteen, and an unarmed man.There are three things that require the unanimous vote of the nation to effect,—deposition of the sovereign—introduction of novelties in religion—suspension of law.
There are three civil birthrights of every Briton,—the right to go wherever he pleases—the right, wherever he is, to protection from his land and sovereign—the right of equal privileges and equal restrictions.
There are three property birthrights of every Briton,—five (British) acres of land for a home— the right of armorial bearings–the right of suffrage in the enacting of the laws, the male at twenty-one, the female on her marriage.
There are three guarantees of society,—security for life and limb—security for property— security of the rights of nature.
There are three sons of captives who free themselves,—a bard, a scholar, a mechanic.
There are three things the safety of which depends on that of the others,—the sovereignty— national courage—just administration of the laws.
There are three things which every Briton may legally be compelled to attend,—the worship of God—military service—and the courts of law.
For three things a Briton is pronounced a traitor, and forfeits his rights, emigration—collusion with an enemy —surrendering himself, and living under an enemy.
There are three things free to every man, Britain or foreigner, the refusal of which no law will justify,—water from spring, river, or well—firing from a decayed tree—a block of stone not in use.
There are three orders who are exempt from bearing arms,—the bard—the judge,—the graduate in law or religion. These represent God and his peace, and no weapon must ever be found in their hand. There are three kinds of sonship,—a son by marriage with a native Briton—an illegitimate son acknowledged on oath by his father—a son adopted out of the clan.
There are three whose power is kingly in law,—the sovereign paramount of Britain over all Britain and its isles, —the princes palatine in their princedoms, —the heads of the clans in their clans.
There are three thieves who shall not suffer punishment, —a woman compelled by her husband, —a child, —a necessitous person who has gone through three towns and to nine houses in each town without being able to obtain charity though he asked for it.
There are three ends of law,—prevention of wrong, —punishment for wrong inflicted—insurance of just retribution.
There are three lawful castigations,—of a son by a father —of a kinsman by the head of a clan—of a soldier by his officer. The chief of a clan when marshalling his men may strike his man three ways—with his baton—with the flat of his sword—with his open hand. Each of these is a correction, not an insult.
There are three sacred things by which the conscience binds itself to truth,—the name of God—the rod of him who offers up prayers to God—the joined right hand.
There are three persons who have a right to public maintenance—the old—the babe—the foreigner who cannot speak the British tongue.”
Source: Ancient Laws of Cambria